Mould

WINMAR® and our trained staff, certified by the IICRC , CDR, are able to handle any mould issue whether minor or major in size.

WINMAR®'s reputation for excellence in environmental issue remediation and customer satisfaction ensures that the removal of mould is dealt with according to the highest industry guidelines.

Adhering to our Green initiative eco-friendly biocides are used for mould abatement.

WHAT

What is mould?

  • Mould is a fungus that is spread by microscopic organisms that grow in damp areas.
  • 3 things feed the growth of mould.
    • Moisture
    • Organic food source (building materials such as wood, drywall, insulation or layer of dirt)
    • Lack of or minimal air flow

There are 3 classes of moulds

Hazard class A

  • Moulds in this group are either directly hazardous to health due to risk of infection or creation of toxins. They should not be in homes or workplaces and should be removed right away if found.
  • Stachybotrus (stack-ee-bot-riss)
  • Infamous Black mould that made the news in association with ill health effects years ago.

Hazard class B

  • Moulds in this group can cause allergic reactions, especially over longer periods of time.
  • Aspergillus (ass-per-jill-us)
  • Aspergillus is another common mould. It can look grey, brown, yellow, green, white, or black. There are many species in the genus, and they generally fall into hazard classes A or B. Some can cause infection in people with weak immune systems, and some of them can make toxins in certain circumstances. Others will only cause allergic reactions. Aspergillus can grow on walls, insulation, paper products, soil, clothing, and many other places.

Hazard class C

  • Moulds in this group aren't known to cause any health risks or reactions in humans. Note, however, that even moulds in this category can potentially cause structural damage to things that they are growing on, and should still be removed.
  • Penicillium (pen-ih-sill-ee-um)
  • Modern antibiotics were discovered thanks to a species of Penicillium long ago. It's commonly found on food such as cheese and fruit.

What to look for

  • Musty or stale odor in the home.
  • Dark stains on walls ceilings, window sills etc.
  • General worsening of respiratory ailments such as asthma, cough and congestion.

What is the cause?

Mould is caused by a combination of:

  • Moisture
    • Leaky pipes
    • Leaky foundation
    • Improper bathroom ventilation
    • Condensation from window
    • Lack of a proper vapour barrier
  • Food source
    • Cellulose building materials such as framing, drywall and insulation.
    • Layer of dirt or grime
  • Lack of or minimal airflow
    • Home is too airtight to allow for proper air exchange.

WHY

Why mould should be removed

This video from Health Canada explains the potential hazards of mould in your home;

Adverse Health Effects

  • Any of the following symptoms could be a result of mould in your home or work environment :'
    • Coughs, congestion, sore throat, irritations, nosebleeds, aggravation of asthma, headaches, fatigue and rash.
    • Symptoms with asthma, bronchitis, or those who have weakened immune systems, become worse or are aggravated by the existence of mould.
    • Pregnant women, infants, and those with health problems such as respiratory disease or a weakened immune system are more at risk when exposed to mould.
    • Moulds and other fungi may adversely affect health though these processes:
      • Allergy
      • Infection
      • Toxicity

Fortunately, symptoms usually disappear after mould exposure stops.

See the following links for more information:

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fniah-spnia/promotion/public-publique/home-maison/mould-moisissure-eng.php

Ministry of Labour
http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/hs/pubs/alerts/a20.php

Workers Health and Safety Centre

http://www.whsc.on.ca/pubs/res_lines2.cfm?resID=75

National Centre for Environmental Health
http://www.ncceh.ca/sites/default/files/Summary_Mould_Remediation_Oct_2010.pdf

Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation

http://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/en/co/maho/yohoyohe/momo/momo_005.cfm

Weakening of structure

  • The long term presence of mould on building materials weakens the integrity of the structure, rendering it unsafe for habitation.

WHERE

Where is mould typically found?

  • Basements
  • Bathroom
  • Attics
  • Kitchens
  • Window sills

WHO

Who should we call to fix the problem?

  • For investigation of mould issues, contact a professional firm such as Winmar Restorations, that handles mould remediation.
  • Only hire firms that have trained technicians with AMRT or AMRS designation and are certified by the IICRC.
  • Winmar's project managers will provide the property owner with a scope of work detailing the work to be performed and costs associated.
  • Winmar uses only laboratories with a proven history of accurate testing of mould samples.
  • Winmar has full certification from the IICRC to investigate, abate and remediate mould

(include IICRC logo here and list of accreditations)

WHEN

It is recommended by Health Canada and the Canadian Construction Association that mould, be removed no matter what type, how much or where it is located in an environment.

HOW

The first and most important step to mould remediation is to find the source of the moisture and correct the issue at hand.

< 10 sq. ft.

  • Home owner can fix the problem with simple dust masks and cleaning products found at most local hardware stores.

10 - 100 sq. ft.

  • Depending on where the problem is located and what material it is found on, Winmar will use a variety of remediation tools and techniques to rid the property of harmful mould.
  • Certified technicians are required to wear full personal protective equipment PPE and work within a negative air enclosure to avoid cross contamination of the surrounding environment.

> 100 sq. ft

  • In addition to the above techniques additional guidelines should be followed. Industry guidelines dictate that if the mould covers more than 100 sq. ft. an industrial hygienist is required for pre and post remediation testing.
  • Winmar can provide a list of accredited hygienist to provide an unbiased test to ensure that the area is safe for habitation.